UNICEF’s ‘Every Child ALIVE’ is a global campaign to
[A] Eradicate all vaccine-preventable diseases
[B] Eliminate open defecation
[C] End newborn deaths
[D] Achieve gender equality
Correct Answer: C [End newborn deaths]
UNICEF’s global Every Child ALIVE campaign is an urgent appeal to governments, businesses, health-care providers, communities and individuals to fulfil the promise of universal health coverage and keep every child alive. It is a demand for affordable, quality health care for every mother and newborn.
Consider the following statement regarding FATF
1.It is intergovernmental organisation established in the year 1989.
2.FATF has two list namely Grey and Black list.
3.India, China, Pakistan are members of FATF.
Select the correct code
[A] 2 and 3
[B] 1 and 2
[C] 2 only
[D] 1,2 and 3
Correct Answer: B [1 and 2]
The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 during the G7 Summit in Paris. The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system. Its Secretariat is located at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) headquarters in Paris.Member Countries: it consists of thirty-seven member jurisdictions. India is one of the members.
FATF has two lists:
Grey List: Countries that are considered safe haven for supporting terror funding and money laundering are put in the FATF grey list. This inclusion serves as a warning to the country that it may enter the blacklist.
Black List: Countries known as Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories (NCCTs) are put in the blacklist. These countries support terror funding and money laundering activities. The FATF revises the blacklist regularly, adding or deleting entries.
Consider the following statement regarding OPEC
1.OPEC organization was established under Vienna Conference.
2.It is headquartered at Baghdad Iraq.
Select the incorrect code
[A] 1 only
[B] 2 only
[C] Both 1 and 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Answer: C [Both 1 and 2]
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental organization, created at the Baghdad Conference in 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela. It aims to manage the supply of oil in an effort to set the price of oil in the world market, in order to avoid fluctuations that might affect the economies of both producing and purchasing countries. It is headquartered in Vienna, Austria. OPEC membership is open to any country that is a substantial exporter of oil and which shares the ideals of the organization. Gabon terminated its membership in January 1995. However, it rejoined the Organization in July 2016. As of 2019, OPEC has a total of 14 Member Countries viz. Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates(UAE), Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Congo, Angola, Ecuador and Venezuela are members of OPEC.
The major centres of the Royal Indian Navy mutiny was at which of the following places
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
[A] 2 only
[B] 1 and 3
[C] 3 only
[D] 1 and 2
Correct Answer: B [1 and 3]
The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny started as a strike by ratings (a designation for a sailor subordinate to officers) demanding better food and accommodation. The Indian sailors were treated badly by their British commanders and there were stark differences in the pay, living conditions and basic amenities of Indians and British sailors in the navy. The strike started in Bombay harbour where a contingent of ratings had arrived. The ratings of HMIS Talwar, a shore establishment also had seething discontent against their seniors for similar reasons. On 19 February a Naval Central Strike committee was formed with Leading Signalman Lieutenant M.S. Khan and Petty Officer Telegraphist Madan Singh elected as president and vice-president respectively. The strikers were inspired by the INA trials and the persona of Subhas Chandra Bose. Soon, the strike evolved into open revolt with many cities joining the Bombay sailors. Sailors from Karachi, Calcutta, Poona, Vizag, Cochin, Madras, Mandapam and the Andaman Islands joined involving 66 ships and shore establishments. Ratings were not obeying their officers and they conducted demonstrations in the city of Bombay leaving their posts. The city of Bombay particularly was tense. Hundreds of protestors targeted the British residents and officers of the city. They even took control of Butcher Island where the entire ammunition of the Bombay Presidency was stored. The rebels also found support from the Royal Indian Air Force men from Bombay and from the Gurkhas in Karachi who, known for their loyalty, refused to fire at the strikers.
The Act empowered state governments to take the necessary steps that would lead to the formalisation of the gram panchayats and help them operate as units of self-governance.The act was passed in 1992.
The above mentioned Act refers to which of the constitutional Amendments
[A] 73rd Amendment Act
[B] 93rd Amendment Act
[C] 83rd Amendment Act
[D] 103rd Amendment Act
Correct Answer: A [73rd Amendment Act]
The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act was passed in 1992 and it came into effect on 24 April 1993. The Act empowered state governments to take the necessary steps that would lead to the formalisation of the gram panchayats and help them operate as units of self-governance.