[A] Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina
[B] French Guiana, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador
[C] Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
[D] Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
Correct Answer: C [Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru]
[B] Point Calimere
[C] Cape Comorin
Correct Answer: D [Dhanushkodi]
[A] Imputed cost of family labour
[B] Interest on working capital
[C] Interest on fixed capital
[D] Rental value of owned land
Correct Answer: B [Interest on working capital]
Minimum Support Price (MSP) is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farm prices. The minimum support prices are announced by the Government of India at the beginning of the sowing season for certain crops on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP). MSP is price fixed by Government of India to protect the producer - farmers - against excessive fall in price during bumper production years. The minimum support prices are a guarantee price for their produce from the Government. The major objectives are to support the farmers from distress sales and to procure food grains for public distribution. In case the market price for the commodity falls below the announced minimum price due to bumper production and glut in the market, government agencies purchase the entire quantity offered by the farmers at the announced minimum price.
[A] 1 only
[B] 2 only
[C] Both 1 and 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Correct Answer: D [Neither 1 nor 2]
India's annual average PM2.5 levels reached 58.1 µg/m³ in 2021, ending a three-year trend of improving air quality. India's annual PM2.5 averages have now returned to pre-quarantine concentrations measured in 2019.
India was home to 11 of the 15 most polluted cities in Central and South Asia in 2021.In 2021, Mumbai had recorded Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5 annual average of 46.4 microgram/cubic metre – nearly nine times above the World Health Organisation (WHO) limit.
[A] 1 only
[B] 2 and 3
[C] 2 only
[D] 1 and 3
Correct Answer: C [2 only]
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 192 Member States and Territories. India is a member of WMO. It originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was established after the 1873 Vienna International Meteorological Congress. Established by the ratification of the WMO Convention on 23rd March 1950, WMO became the specialized agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.'WMO is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.