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India is dependent on lots of imports from many countries across the world and pays a large import bill in comparison to export. During the time of pandemic all the import and export activities across the world was on halt. Transportation on goods and services were stopped. Then it was very difficult to live without resources as import of goods were not possible due to termination of transport activities.

“Aatm Nirbhar” which is a Hindi word meaning in English is "Self Reliant" which also refers less dependency on others or don’t be dependent of others. Aatm Nirbhar Bharat is basically a term formulated at the time of pandemic COVID-19 in India.  It is actually the vision of our Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi ji to make India and Indians self reliant by starting production of all mandatory items locally. Vocal for Local is also integral of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.

India faced problems in terms of shortage of Hospital beds, PPE kits, Covid test kits, medicines, ventilators and other necessary respiratory and medical equipments including basic supplies of hand sanitizers, N95 Masks. We realized that it is the time for us to depend upon indigenous Innovation, products and local manufacturing. To fulfill these demands and promote production of these items in the country our Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi started Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Campaign. He defined the five pillars of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat to boost the economy and to turn difficulties into opportunity.

The Five pillars of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat focus on:

  1. Economy
  2. Infrastructure
  3. System
  4. Vibrant Demography and
  5. Demand

Impact of Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan can be seen that from zero production of Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Kits before March 2020, today India has created a capacity of locally producing more than 2 lakh PPE kits daily and it is growing steadily. Earlier to this India uses imported PPE kits and pays a lot of money in return. India also developed our own Covid testing kits and number of vaccines are in final stage of trails. In some ways Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan is the reinforcement of Make in india. Defence ministry is now also pushing to make indigenous production of weapons.

To make Aatm Nirbahr Bharat Abhiyan more successful Indian Government has announced bailout packages and support packages to various sectors to increase liquidity in the market. Our Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi announced the economic package along with various packages. These packeges that were released during the lockdown was around US$ 283.73 billion, which is about 10 per cent of India's GDP. The economic package was expected to provide support and strength to various sections of the country. It will also give a renewed boost to the development journey of the country in 2020. In order to prove the determination of a self-reliant India, Land, Labour, Liquidity and Laws have all been emphasized in this economic package.

Aatm Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan promoted various innovations and new products development in India. By this import of India will decrease and export will increase thus in the long run our trade deficit will reduce. Export promotion will help us save foreign currency and earn more foreign currency. Aatm Nirbhar Bharat package will help in growing Indian small and medium enterprises and the manufacturing sector will flourish. This program will help in achieving 5 Trillion economy vision of Indian Government.