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THEYYAM - TEMPLE FESTIVAL

THEYYAM

Why in News?

Recently, Kerala Tourism department have started live streaming of an annual temple festival called Theyyam performances, to promote cultural tourism.

About

  • Theyyam is a popular ritual form of dance worship in Kerala and Karnataka, India.
  • It consisted of thousand-year-old traditions, rituals and customs.
  • The people consider Theyyam itself as a channel to a god and they thus seek blessings from Theyyam.
  • Each Theyyam is a man or a woman who attained divine status by performing heroic deeds or by leading a virtuous life
  • Most Theyyams are believed to be the incarnations of Shiva or Shakti, Or they have strong associations with these principal deities of Hinduism.

Types of Theyyam

Vishnumoorthi:

There are only two Vaishnava Theyyams – Daivatar and Vishnumoorthi.

These Theyyams are believed to be the incarnations of Lord Vishnu.

This Theyyam narrates the story of Palanthai Kannan.

Gulikan

Gulikan is believed to be an incarnation of Yama, the Hindu god of death and justice.

According to Indian mythology, Gulikan was one of the most important warriors of Lord Shiva.

Kuttichathan:

It is the theyyam of Bhrahmin caste.

Kuttichathan theyyam is considered to have originated for Lord Shiva in Vishnu Maaya.