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Global Warming is a term almost everyone is familiar with. But, its meaning is still not clear to most of us. So, Global warming refers to the gradual rise in the overall temperature of the atmosphere of the Earth. There are various activities taking place which have been increasing the temperature gradually. Global warming is melting our ice glaciers rapidly. This is extremely harmful to the earth as well as humans. It is quite challenging to control global warming; however, it is not unmanageable. The first step in solving any problem is identifying the cause of the problem. Therefore, we need to first understand the causes of global warming that will help us proceed further in solving it.

Causes of Global Warming

We know that greenhouse gases and the greenhouse effect are good. But over the last few centuries, with increased human activity, there has been an increase in the emission of greenhouse gases. This increase in greenhouse gases means more heat is trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere, thus increasing the Earth’s average temperature. The rise in temperature leads to climate change because of which glaciers are melting, sea levels rising, cloud forests dying, etc. Further, there are several other factors, which contribute to global warming and climate change.

  • Deforestation
  • Burning of fossil fuels
  • Pollution
  • Industrialization
  • Urbanization
  • Transportation
  • Farming
  • Oil and natural gas drilling
  • Power plants
  • Garbage in landfills
  • Volcanic eruptions

The Effects Of Global Warming

  • Stress on ecosystems
  • Loss of biodiversity and habitat
  • Water shortage
  • Fire threats like wildfires
  • Extreme weather events
  • Draught
  • Famine
  • Melting polar ice caps and mountain glaciers
  • Increase in sea levels and ocean acidification
  • Increase in average temperature
  • Loss of arable land and crop failures
  • Pests
  • Food shortage
  • Diseases
  • Economic Instability
  • Poor air quality
  • Decreased population
  • Human and animal extinction

Solutions for Global Warming

  • Renewable energy: One of the greatest contributors to global warming is carbon dioxide released from burning fossil fuels. Shifting to renewable energy will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and can reduce global warming.
  • Reuse and recycling: Reusing and recycling reduces waste, which in turn, reduces garbage. Along with this, stop overproduction and overconsumption. This reduces the impact on the environment.
  • Save water and energy: Along with producing clean energy, we need to conserve and use energy and water efficiently.
  • Sustainable agriculture and transportation: A great way to reduce carbon dioxide emissions is to shift to sustainable agriculture practices and transportation methods. Choose public transportation or carpool, or use electric vehicles to fight global warming.
  • Stop deforestation: Deforestation is one of the major contributors to global warming. Stopping deforestation is necessary to combat climate change and global warming. Planting more trees will reduce CO2 emission and improve the air quality.

In conclusion, we need to take part and try to stop global warming and other effects on climate change. If the earth's temperatures continue to rise in the future, living things on earth would become extinct due to the high temperatures.