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Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births due to pregnancy or termination of pregnancy, regardless of the site or duration of pregnancy. The maternal mortality rate is used to represent the risk associated with pregnancy among women.

Maternal Mortality Rate in India

  • In India, the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) is used to get an estimate of the maternal mortality rate.
  • In India, the number of deaths caused due to pregnancy and childbirth has been very high over the years but the recent records show that there has been a decline in the MMR of India.
  • It is tough to calculate the exact maternal mortality except where the comprehensive records of deaths and causes of death are available. So surveys and census are used to estimate the levels of maternal mortality.
  • Reproductive Age Mortality Studies (RAMOS) is presently considered the best way to calculate MMR. In this, different sources and records are analysed to get data regarding the death of women of reproductive ages and also through verbal autopsy to estimate the number of deaths.      

Causes of High Maternal Mortality Rate

  • Diseases
  • Unawareness
  • Lack of nutrition and unhealthy livelihood
  • Haemorrhage
  • No properTreatment
  • No health facilities
  • Ill treatment

Reasons for Decline - High Maternal Mortality Rate

  • LaQshya – Labour Room Quality Improvement Initiative
  • Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA)
  • Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)
  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)