GK Short Messages
Balphakram National Park Meghalaya
Nokrek National Park Meghalaya
Bandhavgarh National Park Madhya Pradesh
Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh
Madhav National Park Madhya Pradesh
Mandla Fossils National Park Madhya Pradesh
Van Vihar National Park Madhya Pradesh
Panna National Park Madhya Pradesh
Pench National Park Madhya Pradesh
Sanjay National Park Madhya Pradesh
Satpura National Park Madhya Pradesh
Bandipur National Park Karnataka
Bannerghatta National Park Karnataka
Kudremukh National Park Karnataka
Nagarhole National Park Karnataka
Betla National Park Jharkhand
Hazaribagh National Park Jharkhand
Bhitarkanika National Park Odisha
Blackbuck National Park Gujarat
Gir Forest National Park Gujarat
Marine Gulf of Kutch park Gujarat
Vansda National Park Gujarat
Sundarbans National Park West Bengal
Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal
Gorumara National Park West Bengal
Jaldapara National Park West Bengal
Neora Valley National Park West Bengal
Singalila National Park West Bengal
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Campbell Bay National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Galathea National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Mahatma National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Middle Button National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Mount Harriet National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
North Button National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
South Button National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Rani Jhansi National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Saddle Peak National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Chandoli National Park Maharashtra
Negaon National Park Maharashtra
Sanjay Gandhi National Park Maharashtra
Tadoba National Park Maharashtra
Gugamal National Park Maharashtra
Jammu and Kashmir
Dachigam National Park Jammu and Kashmir
Hemis National Park Jammu and Kashmir
Kishtwar National Park Jammu and Kashmir
Salim Ali National Park Jammu and Kashmir
Darrah National Park Rajasthan
Desert National Park Rajasthan
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan
Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan
Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Assam
Kaziranga National Park Assam
Manas National Park Assam
Orang National Park Assam
Nameri National Park Assam
Nandankanan Zoological Park Odisha
Simlipal National Park Odisha
Dudhwa National Park Uttar Pradesh
Valmiki National Park Bihar
Eravikulam National Park Kerala
Mathikettan National Park Kerala
Periyar National Park Kerala
Silent Valley National Park Kerala
Gangotri National Park Uttarakhand
Govind Wildlife Sanctuary Uttarakhand
Guindy National Park Tamil Nadu
Gulf of Mannar National Park Tamil Nadu
Indira Sanctuary Tamil Nadu
Mudumalai National Park Tamil Nadu
Mukurthi National Park Tamil Nadu
Palani Hills National Park Tamil Nadu
Harike Wetland Punjab
Kalesar National Park Haryana
Sultanpur National Park Haryana
Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh
Pin Valley National Park Himachal Pradesh
Indravati National Park Chhattisgarh
Kanger Ghati National Park Chhattisgarh
Jim Corbett National Park Uttarakhand
Nanda Devi National Park Uttarakhand
Rajaji National Park Uttarakhand
Valley of Flowers National Park Uttarakhand
Kasu Reddy National Park Telangana
Vanasthali National Park Telangana
Keibul Lamjao National Park Manipur
Sirohi National Park Manipur
Khangchendzonga Park Sikkim
Mouling National Park Arunachal Pradesh
Namdapha National Park Arunachal Pradesh
Murlen National Park Mizoram
Blue Mountain National Park Mizoram
Papikonda National Park Andhra Pradesh
Sri Venkateswara Park Andhra Pradesh
Mollem National Park Goa
Mrugavani National Park Telangana
💞List of Indian Cities on Banks of Rivers😋
⚫️Allahabad➖At the confluence of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati➖Uttar Pradesh
⚫️Srinagar➖Jhelum➖Jammu & Kashmir
⚫️Daman➖Daman Ganga River➖Daman
⚫️Chennai➖Cooum, Adyar➖Tamil Nadu
✅ Banking and Financial Committees in India ✅✔️ Continuous Economy committee - Black Money and The Unaccounted Money✔️ YH Malegam committee - Monitor Bad Loans✔️ Revamps Expert Panel - Market Infrastructure Institutions✔️ Jaitley-led Panel - Inspect the merger proposals of state-owned banks.✔️ M Vinod Kumar Panel - Review of GST laws✔️ Arbind Modi-led Panel - Simplify Income Tax Laws✔️ AK Bhuchar Committee - Coordination Between Term Lending Institutions And Commercial Banks✔️ B Eradi Committee - Insolvency And Wind Up Laws✔️ Wanchoo Committee - Direct Taxes✔️ YV Reddy Committee - Reforms In Small Savings✔️ B Sivaraman Committee - Institutional Credit For Agricultural & Rural Development gaboost✔️ A Ghosh Committee - Frauds & Malpractices In Banks✔️ Abid Hussain Committee - Development Of Capital Markets✔️ Adhyarjuna Committee Changes In NI Act And Stamp Act✔️ G Sundaram Committee - Export Credit gaboost✔️ Gadgil Committee (1969) - Lead Banking System✔️ James Raj Committee - Functioning Of Public Sector Banks gaboost✔️ Jankiramanan Committee - Securities Transactions Of Banks & Financial Institutions✔️ JV Shetty Committee - Consortium Advances✔️ K Madhav Das Committee Urban Cooperative Banks gaboost✔️ Kalyanasundaram Committee - Introduction Of Factoring Services In India gaboost✔️ Kamath Committee - Education Loan Scheme✔️Karve Committee - Small Scale Industry✔️ Godwala Committee - Rural Finance✔️ B Venkatappaiah Committee - All India Rural Credit Review✔️ BD Shah Committee - Stock Lending Scheme✔️ BD Thakar Committee - Job Criteria In Bank Loans (Approach)✔️ Bhagwati Committee - Unemployment✔️ Bhagwati Committee - Public Welfare✔️Bhave Committee - Share Transfer Reforms✔️ Bhide Committee - Coordination Between Commercial Banks And SFC’s Bhootlingam Committee Wage, Income & Prices✔️ C Rao Committee - Agricultural Policy✔️ CE Kamath Committee - Multi-Agency Approach In Agricultural Finance✔️ Chatalier Committee - Finance To Small Scale Industry✔️ Chesi Committee - Direct Taxes✔️ Cook Committee (On Behalf Of BIS – Under Basel Committee ) Capital Adequacy Of Banks✔️ D R Mehta Committee - Review Progress And Recommend Improvement Measures Of IRDP✔️ Damle Committee - MICR✔️ WS Saraf Committee - Technology Issues In Banking Industry✔️ Y H Malegam Committee - Disclosure Norms For Public Issues gaboost✔️ Dandekar Committee - Regional Imbalances✔️ Dantwala Committee - Estimation Of Employment✔️Dave Committee - Mutual Funds (Functioning)✔️ Dharia Committee - Public Distribution System✔️ A Ghosh Committee - Final Accounts✔️DR Gadgil Committee - Agricultural Finance✔️Goiporia Committee - Customer Service In Banks✔️GS Dahotre Committee - Credit Requirements Of Leasing Industry✔️ GS Patel Committee - Carry Forward System On Stock Exchanges gaboost✔️Hathi Committee - Soiled Banknotes✔️Hazari Committee (1967) - Industrial Policy✔️ SS Kohli Committee - Rationalization Of Staff Strength In Bank gaboost✔️ SS Tarapore Committee - Capital Account Convertibility✔️ Dutta Committee - Industrial Licensing✔️A C Shah Committee - NBFC✔️ A Ghosh Committee - Modalities Of Implementation Of New 20 Point Programme✔️G Lakshmi Narayan Committee - Extension Of Credit Limits On Basis Of Consortium gaboost✔️IT Vaz Committee - Working Capital Finance In Banks✔️J Reddy Committee - Reforms In Insurance Sector✔️ KB Chore Committee - To Review The Symbol Of Cash Credit Q
What is special about the Hubble Space Telescope?
Earth's atmosphere changes and blocks some of the light that comes from space. Hubble flies around, or orbits, high above Earth and its atmosphere. So, Hubble can see space better than telescopes on Earth can. Hubble is not the kind of telescope that you look through with your eye.
NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is the first major infrared-optical-ultraviolet telescope to be placed into orbit around the Earth. Located high above Earth's obscuring atmosphere, the telescope has provided the clearest views of the universe yet obtained in optical astronomy.
Hubble Telescope Captures Farthest View of the Universe Yet. The Hubble Space Telescope's eXtreme Deep Field image allows scientists to see galaxies more than 13 billion light years away.
Why Water has no colour?
Lab measurements show that water does have a colour, pale blue. Given the blue colour of the sea, that may come as little surprise. But according to Dr Martin Chaplin, an expert on the properties of water, its colour has a specific cause.
Its origins lie in the way the water molecule interacts with incoming light. The molecule’s two hydrogen atoms sit at the ends of two spring-like ‘legs’ joined midway by the oxygen atom. The resulting V-shaped combination can vibrate in various ways, mopping up different wavelengths of light. But it’s particularly effective at absorbing longer, redder wavelengths, while leaving shorter, bluer wavelengths fairly untouched. The result is a pale blue colour. Water scatters shorter wavelengths more effectively, leading to more of the blue component of sunlight reaching our eyes.
What is SunSpot?
Sunspots are darker, cooler areas on the surface of the sun in a region called the photosphere.
A sunspot is basically a magnetic storm on the surface of a star, including our own sun. It results in a slightly cool area which looks darker than the surrounding solar atmosphere. These run in a 22 year cycle, with a minimum every 11 years, and then a magnetic reversal for the next 11 years.
The photosphere has a temperature of 5,800 degrees Kelvin. Sunspots have temperatures of about 3,800 degrees K. They look dark only in comparison with the brighter and hotter regions of the photosphere around them.
Sunspots can be very large, up to 50,000 kilometers in diameter. They are caused by interactions with the Sun's magnetic field which are not fully understood. But a sunspot is somewhat like the cap on a soda bottle: shake it up, and you can generate a big eruption. Sunspots occur over regions of intense magnetic activity, and when that energy is released, solar flares and big storms called coronal mass ejections erupt from sunspots.
NASA Scientists Imagine Studying Venus From A Floating Research Colony
Venus is not a hospitable place for humans. The planet is covered in thick, billowing sulfuric acid clouds, underneath which temperatures reach nearly a thousand degrees Fahrenheit. If you were unfortunate enough to stand on Venus’ volcano-spotted surface, you would feel 100 times more pressure than you would standing on the surface of our own planet, in large part due to its atmosphere.
Naturally, NASA scientists have a lot of questions. A team of them recently announced Project HAVOC, which stands for “High Altitude Venus Operational Concept.” The project details how a 30-day, manned mission to Venus might go down.
And while the operation is purely speculative — much of the necessary technology doesn’t exist yet — it marks the first serious plan for how people might explore our nearest planetary neighbor.
📚📚Books and Author📚📚
➡️Calling Sehmat - Harinder S Sikka
➡️Across the Beach-Insight into the Military Judicial System - Gyan Bhushan
➡️Smart Cities Unbundle -- Dr. Samir Sharma
➡️Hidden India -- Latika Nath ➡️Karma Yatra -- Anandiben Patel
➡️Matmagi Manipur-The first Manipuri Feature Film - Bobby Wahengbam
➡️All Doors Opened - Inder Sharma
➡️My journey from Marxism-Leninism to Nehruvian Socialism - C H Hanumantha Rao
➡️India 's Heritage of Gharana Music :Pandits of Gwalior - Meeta Pandit
➡️Adi Shankaracharya:Hinduism Greatest Thinker - Pavan Varma
➡️Paramveer Parwane - Dr. Prabhakiran Jain
➡️Even when there is a Doctor -- Dr. Yashwant Amdekar
➡️Exam Warriors --Narendra Modi
➡️A Century is not Enough -- Sourav Ganguly
➡️The heartfulness way -- Kamlesh Patel & Joshua Pollock
➡️Dilli Meri Dilli:Before and After 1998 - Sheila Dikshit
➡️Imperfect -- Sanjay Manjrekar ➡️Citizen Delhi:My Times, My Life -- Sheila Dikshit
➡️Indian Instinct -- Dr. Miniya Chatterji
➡️The diary of a Domestic Diva -- Shilpa Shetty
➡️The widows of Malabar Hill -- Sujata Massey
➡️Why I am a Hindu -- Shashi Tharoor
➡️A state of freedom -- Neel Mukherjee
➡️An Unsuitable Boy -- Karan Johar
⏹️Books launched in 2017
➡️Two -- Gulzar
➡️Bollywood:The films! The songs! The stars! -- S.M.M. Aisaja, Karan Bali, Rajesh Devraj and Tanul Thakur
➡️The Way I see it-a Gauri Lankesh Reader -- edited by Chandan Gowda
➡️Dreamnation :Uniting a county with Handwritten Dreams -- Saji Mathew & Jubie John
➡️The Coalition Years -- Pranab Mukherjee
➡️What Happened -- Hillary Clinton
➡️The Golden House -- Salman Rushdie
➡️India 2017 Yearbook -- Rajiv Mehrishi
➡️I do what I do -- Raghuram Rajan
➡️Immortal India -- Amish Tripathi
➡️A horse walk into bar -- David Grossman
➡️How India sees the world -- Shyam Saran
➡️Hit Refresh -- Satya Nadella ➡️Unstoppable :My life so far -- Marie Sharapova
➡️The Shershah of Kargil -- Deepak Surana
➡️Kadve Vachan -- Tarun Sagar Maharaj
➡️I am HIV positive, so what? -- Jayanta Kalita
➡️Cryptocurrency for Beginners -- Amit Bhardwaj
➡️Making of a legend -- Bindeshwar Pathak
➡️Dalhousie through my eyes -- Kiran Chadha
➡️Playing with Fire -- Katie Price
➡️Future of Indian University :Comparative and International Perspective -- C. Raj Kumar
➡️The Ministry of Utmost Happiness -- Arundhati Roy
➡️The Crisis within -- Ganesh Devy
➡️Indira Gandhi :A life in Nature -- Jairam Ramesh
➡️Baren and Luthien -- J.R.R.Tolkien
➡️Yug purush Bharat Ratna Atal ji -- Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank ➡️Matoshree -- Sumitra Mahajan
👉🏽First Capital of India: Kolkata.
👉🏽First port of India: Kolkata.
👉🏽Nobel Laureates of India: 6 out of 7 are from Kolkata.
👉🏽National Poet of India: From Kolkata.
👉🏽National Anthem, Song of India: From Kolkata.
👉🏽The only inspiration for youths by whose name International Youth day is celebrated: Swami Vivekananda is from Kolkata.
👉🏽Largest library in India: Kolkata.
👉🏽Largest Museum in India: Kolkata.
👉🏽The city in India where trams run still as a public transport: Kolkata.
👉🏽India's largest cricket stadium: Eden Gardens, Kolkata.
👉🏽India's largest football stadium: Salt Lake stadium Kolkata (also Asia's largest).
👉🏽Largest Botanical Garden in India: Kolkata (Shibpur Botanical Garden).
👉🏽Largest zoo in India: Kolkata (Alipore Zoo).
👉🏽India's first medical college: Kolkata (Medical college, Kolkata).
👉🏽India's first University: Kolkata (Calcutta University).
👉🏽India's only film director who got an Oscar: from Kolkata (Satyajit Ray).
👉🏽First Miss Universe of India: from Kolkata (Susmita Sen).
👉🏽Largest race course in India: Kolkata.
👉🏽Oldest cricket club of India: Calcutta cricket club.
👉🏽First city in India where Metro rail as a public transport started: Kolkata.
👉🏽The only city of India for which the whole bollywood industry depends when it comes for music and direction: Kolkata.
👉🏽Highest number of Scienctists and doctors are from which city in India: Kolkata.
👉🏽Largest railway station of India: In Kolkata (Howrah).
👉🏽Busiest railway station of India: Kolkata (Sealdah).
👉🏽Only riverine port of India: Kolkata Port.
👉🏽Only Cantilever bridge in India : Howrah Bridge (Kolkata).
👉🏽Largest golf course of India: In Kolkata (Royal Calcutta Golf Club).
👉🏽Largest second hand book market in India: College street ( also second in the world).
15 Important Revolutions in India
▪️ Black Revolution Related with Petroleum Production
▪️ Blue Revolution Related with Fish Production
▪️ Brown Revolution Related with Leather, Cocoa
▪️ Golden Fibre Revolution Related with Jute Production
▪️ Golden Revolution Related with Overall Horticulture, Honey, Fruit Production
▪️ Green Revolution Related with Agriculture Production
▪️ Grey Revolution Related with Fertilizers
▪️ Pink Revolution Related with Onions, Prawn
▪️ Red Revolution Related with Meat, Tomato Production
▪️ Evergreen Revolution Intended for overall agriculture production growth
▪️ Round Revolution Related with Potato Production
▪️ Silver Fibre Revolution Related with Cotton Production
▪️ Best Telegram Channel DailyGkZone
▪️ Silver Revolution Related with Egg Production
▪️ White Revolution Related with Dairy, Milk Production
▪️ Yellow Revolution Related with Oil Seed Production Round Revolution Related with Potato
❄️There were four Buddhist Councils.
❄️These Buddhist Councils are considered as the four milestones in the history of Buddhism. In order to address the issues during that period in Buddhism. They are as follows
❄️First Buddhist Council ( 486 BC) at Rajgriha (the modern city of Rajgir
• King: Ajatasatru, son of King Bimbisara (Haryanka Dynasty).
• Took place 3 months after the Buddha’s Passing.
• The First Buddhist Council collected together and arranged the Buddhist Scriptures known as the Pali Tipitaka.
❄️Second Buddhist Council ( 386 BC) at Vaishali.
• King: Kalasoka (Shisunaga Dynasty).’
❄️Third Buddhist Council (250 BC) at : Pataliputra
• King: Ashoka (Maurya Dynasty).
• Its objective was to reconcile the different schools of Buddhism and to purify the Buddhist movement, particularly from opportunistic factions which had been attracted by the royal patronage.
• The responses to doctrinal questions and disputes formulated at the Third Council were recorded by Moggaliputta Tissa in the Kathavatthu, one of the books of the Abhidhamma Pitaka.
❄️Fourth Buddhist Council (72 AD) at kashmir
• King: Kanishka (Kushan Dynasty) ,was a patron of Buddhism and was instrumental in spreading the religion in north-western borders of India.
Final division of Buddhism into Mahayana & Hinayana sects.
Note: The Theravada Buddhist council in 1871 and Theravada Buddhist council in 1954 are known as Fifth and Sixth Buddhist Councils respectively
Abhidhamma pitaka, dealing with Buddhist philosophy written in Pali.
Archimedes (287 BCE – c. 212 BCE) Archimedes of Syracuse was an ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Amongst other things he calculated pi and developed the Archimedes screw for lifting up water from mines or wells.
cai lunCai Lun (50–121 CE), Chinese inventor of paper. Cai Lun was a Chinese political administrator credited with inventing modern paper and inventing the paper-making process. His invention included the use of raw materials such as bark, hemp, silk and fishing net. The sheets of fibre were suspended in water before removing for drying.
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452–1519) Italian artist, scientist and polymath. Da Vinci invented a huge range of machines and drew models that proved workable 3-500 years later. These included prototype parachutes, tanks, flying machines and single-span bridges. More practical inventions included an optical lens grinder and various hydraulic machines.
Galileo (1564–1642) Italian scientist. Galileo developed a powerful telescope and confirmed revolutionary theories about the nature of the world. Also developed an improved compass.
Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1726) English scientist. Newton invented the reflecting telescope. This greatly improved the capacity of telescopes and reduced optical distortion. Newton was also a great physicist and astronomer.
thomas-saveryThomas Savery (c. 1650–1715) English inventor. Savery patented one of the first steam engines which was pioneered for use in pumping water from mines. This original Savery steam engine was basic, but it was used as a starting point in later developments of the steam engine.
thomas-newcomenThomas Newcomen (1664–1729) English inventor who created the first practical steam engine for pumping water from mines. He worked with Savery’s initial design, but significantly improved it, using atmospheric pressure which was safer and more effective for use in mines to remove water.
jethro-tullJethro Tull (1674–1741) English agricultural entrepreneur. Tull invented the seed drill and horse-drawn hoe. The seed drill improved the efficiency of farming and led to increased yields. It was an important invention in the agricultural revolution which increased yields prior to the industrial revolution.
abraham-darbyAbraham Darby (1678–1717) English Quaker, inventor and businessman. Darby developed a process for producing large quantities of pig iron from coke. Coke smelted iron was a crucial raw material in the industrial revolution.
John Harrison (1693–1776) English carpenter and clockmaker. He invented a device for measuring longitude at sea. This was a crucial invention to improve the safety of navigating the oceans.
Benjamin Franklin (1705–1790) American polymath who discovered electricity and invented the Franklin stove, the lightning rod and bifocals. Franklin was also an American statesman and an influential figure in the development of modern America.
william-cullenWilliam Cullen (1710–1790) Scottish physician and chemist. He is credited with inventing the basis for the first artificial refrigerator, although it took others to make his designs suitable for practical use.
john-wilkinsonJohn Wilkinson (1728–1808) English industrialist. John ‘Iron Mad’ Wilkinson developed the manufacture and use of cast iron. These precision-made cast iron cylinders were important in steam engines.
richard-arkwrightSir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792) English entrepreneur and ‘father of the industrial revolution.’ Arkwright was a leading pioneer of the spinning industry. He invented the spinning frame and was successful in using this in mass-scale factory production.
James Watt (1736–1819) Scottish inventor of the steam engine, which was suitable for use in trains. His invention of a separate condensing chamber greatly improved the efficiency of steam. It enabled the steam engine to be used for a greater range of purpose than just pumping water.
allesandro-voltaAlessandro Volta (1745–1827), Italian physicist, credited with inventing the battery. Volta invented the first electrochemical battery cell. It used zinc, copper and an electrolyte, such as sulphuric acid and water.
humphrey-davySir Humphrey Davy (1778–1829) English inventor of the Davy lamp. The lamp could be used by miners in areas where methane gas existed because the design prevented a flame escaping the fine gauze.
Charles Babbage (1791–1871) English mathematician and inventor. Babbage created the first mechanical computer, which proved to be the prototype for future computers. Considered to be the ‘Father of Computers,’ despite not finishing a working model.
Michael Faraday (1791–1867) English scientist who helped convert electricity into a format that could be easily used. Faraday discovered benzene and also invented an early form of the Bunsen burner.
samuel-morseSamuel Morse (1791–1872) American inventor Morse used principles of Jackson’s electromagnet to develop a single telegraph wire. He also invented Morse code, a method of communicating via telegraph.
henry-fox-talbotWilliam Henry Fox Talbot (1800–1877) British Victorian pioneer of photography. He invented the first negative, which could make several prints. He is known for inventing the calotype process (using Silver Chloride) of taking photographs.
louis-brailleLouis Braille (1809–1852) French inventor. Louis Braille was blinded in a childhood accident. He developed the Braille system of reading for the blind. He also developed a musical Braille, for reading music scores.
kirkpatrick-macmillanKirkpatrick Macmillan (1812–1878) Scottish inventor of the pedal bicycle. Kirkpatrick’s contribution was to make a rear wheel driven bicycle through the use of a chain, giving the basic design for the bicycle as we know it today.
James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879) Scottish physicist and inventor. Maxwell invented the first process for producing colour photography. Maxwell was also considered one of the greatest physicists of the millennium.
karl-benzKarl Benz (1844–1929), German inventor and businessman. Benz developed the petrol-powered car. In 1879, Benz received his first patent for a petrol-powered internal combustion engine, which made an automobile car practical. Benz also became a successful manufacturer.
Thomas Edison (1847–1931) American inventor who filed over 1,000 patents. He developed and innovated a wide range of products from the electric light bulb to the phonograph and motion picture camera. One of the greatest inventors of all time.
Alexander Bell (1847–1922) Scottish scientist credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Also worked on optical telecommunications, aeronautics and hydrofoils.
Nikola Tesla (1856–1943) American Physicist who invented fluorescent lighting, the Tesla coil, the induction motor, 3-phase electricity and AC electricity.
rudolf-dieselRudolf Diesel (1858–1913), German inventor of the Diesel engine. Diesel sought to build an engine which had much greater efficiency. This led him to develop a diesel-powered combustion engine.
eduord-michelinÉdouard Michelin (1859–1940), French inventor of a pneumatic tire. John Dunlop invented the first practical pneumatic tyre in 1887. Michelin improved on this initial design to develop his own version in 1889.
Marie Curie (1867–1934) Polish born French chemist and physicist. Curie discovered Radium and helped make use of radiation and X-rays.
The Wright Brothers (1871–1948) American inventors who successfully designed, built and flew the first powered aircraft in 1903.
Alexander Fleming (1881–1955), Scottish scientist. Fleming discovered the antibiotic penicillin by accident from the mould Penicillium notatum in 1928.
John Logie Baird (1888–1946) Scottish inventor who invented the television and the first recording device.
enrico-fermiEnrico Fermi (1901–1954) Italian scientist who developed the nuclear reactor. Fermi made important discoveries in induced radioactivity. He is considered the inventor of the nuclear reactor.
oppenheimerJ. Robert Oppenheimer (1904–1967), United States – Atomic bomb. Oppenheimer was in charge of the Manhattan project which led to the creation of the first atomic bomb, later dropped in Japan. He later campaigned against his own invention.
Alan_TuringAlan Turing (1912–1954) English 20th century mathematician, pioneer of computer science. He developed the Turing machine, capable of automating processes. It could be adapted to simulate the logic of any computer algorithm.
robert-noyceRobert Noyce (1927–1990) American 20th-century electrical engineer. Along with Jack Kilby, he invented the microchip or integrated circuit. He filed for a patent in 1959. The microchip fueled the computer revolution.
james-dysonJames Dyson (1947– ) British entrepreneur. He developed the bag-less vacuum cleaner using Dual Cyclone action. His Dyson company has also invented revolutionary hand dryers.
Tim Berners-Lee (1955– ) British computer scientist. Tim Berners-Lee is credited with inventing the World Wide Web, which enabled the internet to display websites viewable on internet browsers. He developed the http:// protocol for the internet and made the world wide web freely available.
steve-jobsSteve Jobs (1955–2011) American entrepreneur and developer. Jobs helped revolutionise personal computer devices with the iPod, iPad, Macbook and iPhone. He is credited with inventing the new wave of hand-held personal computer devices.
National Productivity Council
NPC is national level organization to promote productivity culture in India. Established by the Ministry of Industry, Government of India in 1958, it is an autonomous, multipartite, non-profit organization with equal representation from employers’ & workers’ organizations and Government, apart from technical & professional institutions and other interests.
NPC is a constituent of the Tokyo-based Asian Productivity Organisation (APO), an Inter Governmental Body, of which the Government of India is a founder member.
NPC teams up with its clients to work out solutions towards accelerating productivity, enhancing competitiveness, increasing profits, augmenting safety and reliability and ensuring better quality. It provides reliable database for decision-making, improved systems and procedures, work culture as well as customer satisfaction both internal & external. The solutions can be all-encompassing or specific depending on the nature of the problem. The council also helps monitor, review and implement the identified strategies. Promotional and catalytic in nature, NPC’s services have bearings on economic growth and quality of life. The Council promotes a comprehensive view of productivity focused on improving triple bottom line – economic, environmental and social and adds value for all the stakeholders through generation & application of advanced knowledge for inclusive Growth.
The Union Minister for Industry is the President of the NPC, and the Secretary (Industrial Policy and Promotion) is its Chairman. The Director General is the CEO. NPC has 12 Regional Offices, located in major State Capitals/industrial centre with Corporate Headquarters in New Delhi and has strength of around 120 full time professional/consultants. In addition, services of outside specialists and faculty are also enlisted on projects based requirements.
01 May: May Day, International Labour Day
03 May: World Press Freedom Day; World Press Freedom Day
04 May: International Firefighters’ Day, Star Wars Day
05 May: International Midwives Day
08 May: World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day
09 May: Europe day
11 May: National Technology Day
12 May: International Nurses Day; World Migratory Bird Day; International Nurses Day
15 May: International Day of Families; International Day of Families
16 May: National Dengue Day
17 May: World Hypertension Day; World Telecommunication and Information Society
Day; World Telecommunication and Information Society Day; World AIDS Vaccine
Day; International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia
18 May: International AIDS Candlelight Memorial; International Museum Day 20 May:
Vesak, the Day of the Full Moon
21 May: World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development;
22 May: International Day for Biological Diversity; World Goth Day
23 May: World Turtle Day
25 May: Geek Pride Day
29 May: International Day of UN Peacekeepers 31 May: World No-Tobacco Day; World
8-9 May: Time of Remembrance and Reconciliation for Those Who Lost Their Lives
during the Second World War 12-13 May: World Migratory Bird Day
1st Tuesday of May: World Asthma Day
2nd Saturday of May: World Fair Trade Day
PM Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
Why in news?
The Union Government has launched Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) to provide free health check-ups to pregnant women at government health centres and hospitals.
What is PM Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan?
• PMSMA aim to reduce Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) through safe pregnancies and safe deliveries.
• Target Beneficiaries: All pregnant women who are in their 2nd and 3rd Trimesters of pregnancy. It is expected to provide free antenatal care to about 3 crore pregnant women across the country.
• The services would be provided by gynecology specialists/ physicians with support from private sector doctors.In addition to antenatal checkups, services like ultrasound, blood, and urine tests will be provided to the beneficiaries.
eNAM is pan-India electronic trading portal for farm produce which aims creates unified national market for agricultural commodities by integrating existing Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC) markets. It provides single window service for all APMC related services and information, such as commodity arrivals and prices, provision for responding to trade offers, buy and sell trade offers, among other services. It was launched in April 2016. It is being implemented in different phases to integrate 585 regulated markets across country with common e-market platform by March 2018. Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is the lead promoter of eNAM. On this platform, farmers can showcase their produce online from their nearest market and traders can quote price from anywhere. It aims to foster greater competition among traders and also ensure open price discovery and better returns to farmers.
National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights
The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was established in March 2007 as a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005. It was set up to protect, promote and defend child rights in the country. The Commission consists of a chairperson and six members who are well versed in child welfare. National commission develops an electronic drop box, POCSO e-Box for registering complaints on Child Sexual Abuse.
Critically Vulnerable Coastal Areas (CVCA)
Critical Vulnerable Coastal Areas (CVCA) are ecologically sensitive areas identified as under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 such as:
¾ Sunderban region of West Bengal.
¾ Gulf of Khambat and Gulf of Kutchchh in Gujarat.
¾ Malvan, Achra-Ratnagiri in Maharashtra.
¾ Karwar and Coondapur in Karnataka.
¾ Vembanad in Kerala.
¾ Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu.
¾ Bhaitarkanika in Odisha.
¾ Coringa, East Godavari and Krishna in Andhra Pradesh.
1. For crop does India have the largest cultivated area in the world?
2. When was the Madras State renamed Tamil Nadu?
3. Which law directly explains the law of conservation of mass?
4. What the wind is deflected due of the rotation of the earth?
5. Who built the stupa at Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh?
6. After textiles, which is India’s second important industry?
7. Which books was written by Tilak?
8. Which gas is absorbed during photosynthesis?
9. Which country leads in fish catches?
10. Which temple got the name of Black Pagoda?
11. Which is an extra Constitutional and non-statutory body?
12. Which are the space waves are affected seriously by atmospheric conditions?
13. Who has written the famous book ‘Anna Karenina’?
14. Which type of climate is known for the maximum diurnal range of temperature?
15. By whom was the first weekly Bengali newspaper ‘Samachar Darpan’ published?
16. Which State stands first in the length of roads in the country?
17. Which type of cell has the ability to develop into any type of all ?
18. With what subject do the Articles 5 to 8 of the Constitution of India deal?
19. Which characteristic is NOT found in the convectional rainfall ?
20. Who was founder of Boy Scouts and Civil Guides Movement in India? ******************************Answer :
1. Rice 2. 1969 3. Avogadro’s law 4. Geostropic wind 5. Ashoka 6. Iron and steel 7. Gita Rahasya 8. CO2
9. Japan 10.
Sun Temple 11. Planning Commission 12. UHF 13. Leo Tolstoy 14. Hot desert 15. Marshman 16. Maharashtra 17.
Stem cell 18. Citizenship 19. Drizzling 20. Baden Powell
✔️🔮✔️Sir Osborne Smith was the first Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, CD Deshmukh was the first Indian Governor of RBI.
✔️🔮✔️Reserve Bank of India (RBI) was established in 1935 and Nationalized in 1949.
✔️🔮✔️The first bank of limited liability managed by Indians was Oudh Commercial Bank founded in 1881.
✔️🔮✔️Bank of Hindustan in 1770 is the first bank set up in India
✔️🔮✔️The first presidency of SBI was established in Kolkata in 1806 during the British Raj and was named as Bank of Bengal.
✔️🔮✔️In 1921, these three SBI branches were made to merge to form ‘Imperial Bank of India’.
✔️🔮✔️The largest bank – Imperial Bank of India – was nationalised in 1955 and rechristened as State Bank of India (SBI), followed by formation of its 7 Associate Banks in 1959.
✔️🔮✔️The Government of India issued an ordinance on 19 July 1969 acquiring ownership and control of 14 major banks in the country. Six more commercial banks were nationalised from 15 April 1980.
✔️🔮✔️Bank of India is the first Indian Bank to open overseas branch. It established a branch in London in 1946.
✔️🔮✔️Allahabad Bank is the oldest existing public sector bank in India.
✔️🔮✔️State Bank of India is the first joint stock Bank of British India
✔️🔮✔️Central Bank of India is first Bank to introduce Credit Card in India
✔️🔮✔️Allahabad Bank is the First Joint Stock Bank of India
✔️🔮✔️Comptoire d’Escompte de Paris of France in 1860 is the first Foreign Bank in India
✔️🔮✔️Savings account system in India was started by Presidency Bank, in 1833.
✔️🔮✔️ICICI Bank was the first Bank to provide Mobile ATM.
✔️🔮✔️Cheque system was first introduced by Bengal Bank which was established in 1784.
✔️🔮✔️ICICI Bank was the first Indian Bank to provide internet banking facility.
✔️🔮✔️Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) introduced first time ATM in India in 1987, Mumbai.
✔️🔮✔️NPCI launched the first Gramin bank ATM card with the Kashi Gomti Samyut Gramin Bank in association with Union Bank of India in Varanasi. The card is called RuPay Gramin Card.
✔️🔮✔️India’s first non-bank owned ATM opens in Maharashtra, Private sector lender Federal Bank announced its tie-up with Tata Communications Payment Solutions Ltd as the sponsor bank to deploy White Label ATMs
✔️🔮✔️Punjab National Bank is the first Indian bank started with Indian capital /indigenous Bank of India
✔️🔮✔️John Mathai was first chairman of State Bank of India
✔️🔮✔️Arundhati Bhattacharya is the first women chairperson of State Bank of India.
✔️🔮✔️India’s first “talking” Automated Teller Machine (ATM) launched by Union Bank of India (UBI) for visually impaired was launched in Ahmedabad (Gujarat).
✔️🔮✔️Syndicate Bank started the first Regional Rural Bank name Prathama Grameen Bank
What is Slum Daud ?
The Slum Yuva Daud is part of the Adopt Slum Campaign initiated by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports and Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan. The Slum Yuva Daud & Adopt Slum campaigns aim at highlighting the government’s pro-people schemes among masses.
Participation: the campaign will involve groups like NSS, public schools, RWAs, NGOs, rotary clubs etc.
It is an international treaty
It aims conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands
The convention provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the confederation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
It was signed in Ramsar Iran, in 1971
India is one of the 169 signatories to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
There are 2,241 Ramsar sites across the world
In India 26 sites are Ramsar site, which are spread across India from Wular Lake
in Jammu and Kashmir to Ashtamudi Wetland in Kerala, and from Deepor Beel
in Assam to Nalsarovar in Gujarat.
The Ramsar Convention is the only global environmental treaty that deals with a particular ecosystem.
List of Important International Organizations and their Headquarters
1. World Trade Organization (WTO) –
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Head – Roberto Azevedo
Founded on – 1 January 1995
2. World Health Organization (WHO) –
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Head – Dr Margaret Chan
Founded on – 7 April 1948
3. World Economic Forum (WEF) –
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Head – Klaus Schwab
Founded on – 1971
4. World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO Also called OMPI) –
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Head – Francis Gurry
Founded on – July 14, 1967
5. International Labour Organisation (ILO/OIT) –
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Head – Guy Ryder
Founded on – 1919
6. United Nations Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD) –
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Head – Mukhisa Kituyi
Founded on – 1964
7. World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) –
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Head – Petteri Taalas
Founded on – 1950
8. International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) –
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Head – Peter Maurer
Founded on – 1863
9. International Monetary Fund (IMF) –
Headquarters – Washington DC, US
Head – Christine Lagarde
Founded on – 27 December 1945
10. The World Bank –
Headquarters – Washington DC, US
Founded on – July 1944
11. United Nations Organization (UN) –
Headquarters – New York, US
Head – António Guterres
Founded on – 1945
12. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) –
Headquarters – New York, US
Head – Anthony Lake
Founded on – December 1946
13. United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) –
Headquarters – New York, US
Head – Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin
Founded on – 1969
14. Asian Development Bank –
Headquarters – Manila, Philippines
Founded on – 22 August 1966
15. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) –
Headquarters – Beijing, China
Head – Jin Liqun
Founded on – 4 October 2014
16. New Development Bank (BRICS Development Bank) –
Headquarters – Shanghai, China
Head – K. V. Kamath
Founded on – July 2015
17. United Nations Education Scientific & Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) –
Headquarters – Paris, France
Head – Irina Bokova
Founded on – 16 November 1945
18. Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) –
Headquarters – Paris, France
Head – Jose Angel Gurria
Founded on – 30 September 1961
19. North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) –
Headquarters – Brussels, Belgium
Head – Jens Stoltenberg
Founded on – 4 April 1949
20. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) –
Headquarters – Singapore
Head – Dr. Alan Bollard
Founded on – 1989
21. Association of South East Nations (ASEAN) –
Headquarters – Jakarta, Indonesia
Founded on – 8 August 1967
22. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) –
Headquarters – Kathmandu, Nepal
Founded on – 8 December 1985
23. International Maritime Organisation (IMO) –
Headquarters – London, UK
Head – Kitack Lim
Founded on – 1959
24. Amnesty International –
Headquarters – London, UK
Head – Salil Shetty
Founded on – July 1961
25. Commonwealth of Nations –
Headquarters – London, UK
Head – Queen Elizabeth II
Founded on – 28 April 1949
26. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) –
Headquarters – Vienna, Austria
Head – Yukiya Amano
Founded on – July 29, 1957
27. United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) –
Headquarters – Vienna, Austria
Head – Li Yong
Founded on – 1966
28. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) –
Headquarters – Vienna, Austria
Head – Mohammed Barkindo
Founded on – 1961-62
29. International Olympic Committee (IOC) –
Headquarters – Lausanne, Switzerland
Head – Thomas Bach
Founded on – 23 June 1894
30. International Cricket Council (ICC) –
Headquarters – Dubai, UAE
Head – David Richardson (CEO)
Founded on – 15 June 1909
31. The Fédération International de Football Association (FIFA) –
Headquarters – Zurich, Switzerland
Head – Gianni Infantino
International Seabed Authority
It is an intergovernmental body that organizes, regulates and control all mineral (non-living resources) related activities in the international seabed area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.
HQ : Jamaica
It functions under the aegis of the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
It has an observer status to UN
Why in news? India extended contract with ISA to explore Polymetallic Nodules in Indian Ocean.
River : Origin
1. Satluj : Rakas Lake
2. Indus : Bokhar Chu glacier
3. Jhelum : Spring at Verinag
4. Chenab : Chandra and Bhaga stream
5. Ravi : Rohtang pass in the Kullu hills of Himachal Pradesh
6. Beas : Beas Kund in Rohtang Pass
7. Ghaghara : Mapchachugo glacier
8. Son : Amarkantak plateau
9. Kaveri : Brahmagiri hills
10. Krishna : Mahabaleshwar in Sahayadri
11. Narmada : Amarkantak plateau
12. Godavari : Rises near Nasik District of Maharashtra.
: The centrally sponsored programme commenced in 2008-09 aimed at installing simple Stand Alone Water Purification Systems (SAWPS) in rural schools to enable school children to have access to safe and clean water. It is 100% central sponsored scheme. This is done by Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
June 04: International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
June 05: World Environment Day
June 08: World Ocean Day
June 12: World Day Against Child Labour
June 14: World Blood Donor Day
June 20: International Refugee Day
June 21: International Music Day, International Yoga Day
June 26: International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking
Major Tribes in India: Arranged State-wise💎💎
1. Andhra Pradesh: Andh, Sadhu Andh, Bhagata, Bhil, Chenchus (Chenchawar), Gadabas, Gond, Goundu, Jatapus, Kammara, Kattunayakan, Kolawar, Kolam, Konda, Manna Dhora, Pardhan, Rona, Savaras, Dabba Yerukula, Nakkala, Dhulia, Thoti, Sugalis.
2. Arunachal Pradesh: Apatanis, Abor, Dafla, Galong, Momba, Sherdukpen, Singpho.
3. Assam: Chakma, Chutiya, Dimasa, Hajong, Garos, Khasis, Gangte.
4. Bihar: Asur, Baiga, Birhor, Birjia, Chero, Gond, Parhaiya, Santhals, Savar.
5. Chhattisgarh: Agariya, Bhaina, Bhattra, Biar, Khond, Mawasi, Nagasia.
6. Goa: Dhodia, Dubia, Naikda, Siddi,Varli.
7. Gujarat: Barda, Bamcha, Bhil, Charan, Dhodia, Gamta, Paradhi, Patelia.
8. Himachal Pradesh: Gaddis, Gujjars, Khas, Lamba, Lahaulas, Pangwala, Swangla.
9. Jammu and Kashmir: Bakarwal, Balti, Beda, Gaddi, Garra, Mon, Purigpa, Sippi.
10. Jharkhand: Birhors, Bhumij, Gonds, Kharia, Mundas, Santhals, Savar.
11. Karnataka: Adiyan, Barda, Gond, Bhil, Iruliga, Koraga, Patelia, Yerava.
12. Kerala: Adiyan, Arandan, Eravallan, Kurumbas, Malai arayan, Moplahs, Uralis.
13. Madhya Pradesh: Baigas, Bhils, Bharia, Birhors, Gonds,Katkari, kharia, Khond, Kol, Murias.
14. Maharashtra: Bhaina, Bhunjia, Dhodia, Katkari, Khond, Rathawa, Warlis.
15. Manipur: Aimol, Angami, Chiru, Kuki, Maram, Monsang, Paite, Purum, Thadou.
16. Meghalaya: Chakma, Garos, Hajong, Jaintias Khasis, Lakher, Pawai, Raba.
17. Mizoram: Chakma, Dimasa, Khasi, Kuki, Lakher, Pawai, Raba, Synteng.
18. Nagaland: Angami, Garo, Kachari, Kuki, Mikir, Nagas, Sema.
19. Odisha: Gadaba, Ghara, Kharia, Khond, Matya, Oraons, Rajuar, Santhals.
20. Rajasthan: Bhils, Damaria, Dhanka, Meenas(Minas), Patelia, Sahariya.
21. Sikkim: Bhutia, Khas, Lepchas.
22. Tamil Nadu: Adiyan, Aranadan, Eravallan, Irular, Kadar, Kanikar, Kotas, Todas.
23. Telangana: Chenchus.
24. Tripura: Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimal, Chakma, Halam, Khasia, Lushai, Mizel, Namte.
25. Uttarakhand: Bhotias, Buksa, Jannsari, Khas, Raji, Tharu.
26. Uttar Pradesh: Bhotia, Buksa, Jaunsari, Kol, Raji, Tharu.
27. West Bengal: Asur, Khond, Hajong, Ho, Parhaiya, Rabha, Santhals, Savar.
28. Andaman and Nicobar: Oraons, Onges, Sentinelese, Shompens.
29. Little Andaman: Jarawa.
30. North-East: Abhors, Chang, Galaong, Mishimi, Singpho, Wancho.
Why in news?
India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its forty second flight (PSLV-C40), successfully launched the 710 kg Cartosat-2 F Satellite for earth observation and 30 co-passenger satellitesbelonging to India, Canada, Finland, France, Republic of Korea, UK and the USA together weighing about 613 kg at lift-off from Sriharikota.
What is Cartosat series?
These are Earth observation satellites indigenously built by India. A total of 8 satellites have been launched so far in this series.
Cartosat series is part of the Earth Remote Sensing Programme launched for Earth’s resource management and monitoring
Why in news?
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the proposal to continue the MPLAD Scheme beyond the 12th Plan period (2012-17) up to March 31, 2020, an official statement said today.
What is MPLAD scheme?
Members of Parliament Local Area Development (MPLAD) Scheme provides that each MP has the choice to suggest to the Head of the District works to the tune of ₹5 crore per year, to be taken up in his/her constituency.
Initially, this scheme was administered by Ministry of Rural Development. Later, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI) has been looking into its working.
Elected Members of RajyaSabha and nominated members of both Houses may select works for implementation in one or more district(s) as they may choose.
It also allows MPs to spend up to ₹10 lakh in any other constituency in India.
International Organisations and their Headquarters and Formation Day/Year
🔵United Nations Organisation (U.N.O.) ➖ New York, USA ➖ 24.10.1945
🔵United Nations Childrens' Fund (UNICEF)➖New York, USA➖11.12.1945
🔵United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)➖New York, USA➖1969
🔵UN Women➖New York, USA➖2010
🔵United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)➖Paris, France➖16.11.1945
🔵Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)➖Paris, France➖30.09.1961
🔵United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)➖Vienna, Austria➖1966
🔵International Atomic Energy Agency➖Vienna, Austria➖29.07.1957
🔵Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)➖Vienna, Austria➖Sep 1960
🔵International Monetary Fund (IMF)➖Washington DC, USA➖27.12.1945
🔵World Bank➖Washington DC, USA➖July 1944
🔵Amnesty International➖London➖July 1961
🔵International Maritime Organisation➖London➖1954
🔵International Court Of Justice➖The Hague, The Netherlands➖1945
🔵Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)➖Rome➖16.10.1945
🔵North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)➖Brussels, Belgium➖04.04.1949
🔵Transparency International➖Berlin, Germany➖1993
🔵International Renewable Energy Agency➖Abu Dhabi (UAE)➖26.01.2009
🔵South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation➖Kathmandu, Nepal➖08.12.1985
🔵Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)➖Jakarta, Indonesia➖08.08.1967
🔵Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)➖Singapore➖1989
🔵Organisation of Islamic Cooperation➖Jeddah, Saudi Arabia➖25.09.1969
🔵Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation➖Ebene, Mauritius➖06.03.1997
🔵Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons➖The Hague, The Netherlands➖29.04.1997
🔵International Hydrographic Organization ➖ Monaco➖21.06.1921
🔵International Chamber of Commerce ➖ Paris, France ➖1919
🔵Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) ➖ Los Angeles, USA ➖ 18.09.1998
🔵International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) ➖ Paris, France ➖ 1965
🔵Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO) ➖ Washington D.C., USA ➖ 1993
🔵South Asian Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN) ➖ Kathmandu, Nepal ➖ Jan 2011
🌏International Organisations in Switzerland🌏
🔴United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)➖Geneva, Switzerland➖1964
🔴World Health Organisation➖Geneva, Switzerland➖07.04.1948
🔴International Labour Organisation➖Geneva, Switzerland➖1919
🔴International Committee of the Red Cross➖Geneva, Switzerland➖1863
🔴World Trade Organisation➖Geneva, Switzerland➖01.01.1995
🔴World Meteorological Organisation➖Geneva, Switzerland➖1950
🔴World Intellectual Property Organization➖Geneva, Switzerland➖14.07.1967
🔴International Organization for Standardization➖Geneva, Switzerland➖23.02.1947
🔴World Economic Forum➖Geneva, Switzerland➖1971
🔴Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) or Doctors without Borders➖Geneva, Switzerland➖20.12.1971
🔴International Organization of Migration (IOM)➖Geneva, Switzerland➖1951
🔴International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry➖Zurich, Switzerland➖1919
🔴Worldwide Fund for Nature➖Gland, Switzerland➖29.04.1961
🔴International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)➖Gland, Switzerland➖05.10.1948
🔴Universal Postal Union➖Berne, Switzerland➖09.10.1874
SCHEMES launched by STATES
•Punjab -- Mukh Mantri Punjab Hepatitis C Relief Fund
• Gujrat-- Smart Village program
• Odisha-- Green Passage Scheme
• Andhra Pradesh-- Chandranna Bima Yojana
• Himachal Pradesh-- Padhai bhi, Safai bhi
• Assam-- Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS)
• TamilNadu-- free bus pass scheme forsenior citizens
• Maharashtra-- Bharatratna Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Special Collective Incentive Scheme
• Telangana-- M-Wallet
• Haryana-- Project Salamati
• Haryana-- Adapting Homes for the Differently-abled
• Andhra Pradesh-- first river linking project lift irrigation
• Uttar Pradesh-- Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana
• Punjab-- swine f lu (H1N1) under the Epidemic Disease Act.
• Uttar Pradesh-- set up old age homes
• New Delhi-- Clean Street Food
• Uttar Pradesh-- Swadhar Greh scheme
• Andhra Pradesh-- National Energy Efficient Agriculture Pumps Programme, & National Energy Efficient Fan Programme
• Bhopal-- UrjaDaksh LED Bulb UjalaYojana
• Gujrat-- Maa Annapurna Yojna
• Jharkhand-- Bhimrao Ambedkar AwasYojana for widows
• Jammu-- Mufti Mohammad Sayeed Food Entitlement Scheme
• Haryana-- Deen Dayal Jan Awas Yojana
• Karnataka-- Mukhyamantri Santwana Harish Yojana
• Jammu -- Udaan Scheme
• Karnataka -- Housing scheme for Transgenders
• West Bengal-- Utkarsh Bangla Scheme for school- dropout
• Tamilnadu-- Amma Kudineer Thittam
• Chattisgarh--Udyam Aakansha
• Jharkhand-- pension scheme for all the widows • Himachal Pradesh-- PEHAL
• Haryana-- first ‘Gyps Vulture Reintroduction Programme
• Bihar-- Right to Public Grievance Redressal Act
• Odisha-- transgender people social welfare benefits
• Haryana-- Jai Jawan Awas Yojna
• Himachal Pradesh-- Setu Bhartam project
• Assam-- Ease of Doing Business Bill, 2016
• Delhi-- DVAT M SEWA
• Bihar-- 100 Jan Aushadhi Kendras
• Rajasthan-- RajVayu
• Internet Saathi-- by Google India and Tata Trusts in -- West Bengal
• Rajkot , Gujrat-- Swachh Map
• West Bengal-- Panchayat Pratikar
• Bihar-- Child Labour Tracking System
• Puducherry-- HelpAge SOS App
• Indian Railway-- NIVARAN portal
• Chattisgarh-- first commercial disputeresolution centre and a commercial court
• Rajasthan-- minimum wages for part-time workers
• HRD-- Prashikshak
• Assam-- File tracking
• Telangana-- Mission Kakatiya programme
• Haryana-- Satkar Bhojan canteens
• Telangana-- Haritha Haram
• Odisha-- 100 Adarsha Vidyalayas
• Kerala-- Fat Tax--14.5
• Andhra Pradesh-- Smart Pulse Survey
• Maharastra Police-- Pratisaad-Ask, PoliceMitra,Vah anchoritakrar & Railway helpline app
• Meghalaya-- PradhanMantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
• Bihar-- Rural development project JEEViKA-II
• Kerala-- pension scheme for transgenders
• Arunachal Pradesh-- AapnaLohit
• Madhya Pradesh-- Happiness Department
• Uttar Pradesh-- Hausla Paushan scheme
• Mizoram-- Economic Development Policy
• Maharastra -- facility of virtual and digital classrooms across 32 ITIs
• Haryana-- online filing of PerformanceAppraisal Report
• Puducherry-- SwachhBalSenas Indian Railway-- Tri-NETRA
• Kerala-- insurance scheme for 2.5 mn migrant labourers
• Telangana and Andhra Pradesh--Integrated Criminal Justice System
IMPORTANT THERMAL POWER PLANTS IN INDIA🔵
⚫️Rihand Thermal Power Station➖Sonebhadra➖Uttar Pradesh
⚫️Singrauli Super Thermal Power Station➖Sonebhadra➖Uttar Pradesh
⚫️Anpara Thermal Power Station➖Sonebhadra➖Uttar Pradesh
⚫️Obra Thermal Power Station➖Sonebhadra➖Uttar Pradesh
⚫️Rosa (TPS)➖Shahjahanpur➖Uttar Pradesh
⚫️Udupi Thermal Power Plant➖Udupi➖Karnataka
⚫️MetturTheral Power Station➖Salem➖Tamil Nadu
⚫️Bellary Thermal Power station➖Bellary➖Karnataka
⚫️Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant➖Vishakapatnam➖Andhra Pradesh
⚫️Hirakud Captive Power Plant➖Sambalpur➖Odisha
⚫️Talcher Super Thermal➖Angul➖Odisha
⚫️Patratu Thermal Power Station➖Ramgarh➖Jharkhand
⚫️Bokaro Thermal Power Station➖Bokaro➖Jharkhand
⚫️Durgapur Thermal Power Station➖Bardhaman➖West Bengal
⚫️Barauni Thermal Power Station➖Begusarai➖Bihar
⚫️Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station➖Singrauli➖Madhya Pradesh
⚫️SantSingaji (TPP)➖East Nimar➖Madhya Pradesh
⚫️Satpura Thermal Power Station➖Betul➖Madhya Pradesh
⚫️Sanjay Gandhi Thermal Power Station➖Birsinghpur➖Madhya Pradesh
⚫️Mundra Thermal Power Station➖Kutch➖Gujarat
⚫️Ukai Thermal Power Station➖Tapi➖Gujarat
⚫️Sikka Thermal Power Station➖Jamnagar➖Gujarat
⚫️Chandrapur Super (TPP)➖Chandrapur➖Maharashtra
⚫️Khaperkheda Thermal Power Station➖Nagpur➖Maharashtra
⚫️Bhilai Expansion Power Plant➖Durg➖Chhattisgarh
⚫️Sipat Thermal Power Plant➖Bilaspur➖Chhattisgarh
⚫️Korba Super Thermal Power Plant➖Korba ➖Chhattisgarh
Countries With Name Of Their Parliament:
Afghanistan — Shoora
Andorra — General Council
Albania — People's Assembly
Azerbaijan — Melli Majlis
Algeria — National People's Assembly
Angola — National People's Assembly
Argentina — National Congress
Australia — Federal Parliament
Austria — National Assembly
Bahamas — General Assembly
Bahrain — Consultative Council
Bangladesh — Jatiya Sansad
Belize — National Assembly
Bhutan — Tshogdu
Bolivia — National Congress
Brazil — National Congress
Brunei — National Assembly
Botswana — National Assembly
Britain — Parliment (House of Common's & House of Lords)
Bulgaria — Narodno Subranie.
Cambodia — National Assembly
Congo Democratic — Rep. of National Legislative Council
Colombia — Congress
Canada — Parliament
China — National People's Congress
Chile — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Comoros — Legislative Council and Senate
Costa Rice — Legislative Council and Senate
Crotia — Sabor
Cuba — National Assembly of People's Power
Czech Republic — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Denmark — Folketing
Ecuador — Natinal Congress
El Salvador — Legislative Assembly
East Timor — Constituent Assembly
Ethiopia — Federal Council and House of Representative
Egypt — People's Assembly
Fiji Islands — Senate & House of Representative
France — National Assembly
Finland — Eduskusta (Parliament)
Germany — Bundestag(Lower House),Bundesrat(UpperHouse)
Guyana — National Assembly
Greece — Chamber of Deputies
Hungary — National Assembly
Iceland — Althing
India — Parliament/Sansad
Indonesia — People's Consultative Assembly
Iran — Majlis
Iraq — National Assembly
Israel — Knesset
Italy — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Japan — Diet
Jordan — National Assembly
Korea(North) — Supreme People's Assembly
Korea(South) — National Assembly
Kuwait — National Assembly
Kenya — National Assembly
Laos — People's Supreme Assembly
Labanon — National Assembly
Lesotho — National Assembly and Senate
Lithuania — Seimas
Luxembourg — Chamber of Deputies
Liberia — National Assembly
Libya — General People's Congress
Malaysia — Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara
Maldives — Mazlis
Madagascar — National People's Assembly
Mongolia — Great People's Khural
Montenegro — Federal Assembly
Mozambique — People's Assembly
Myanmar — Pyithu Hluttaw
Nepal — National Panchayat
Netherlands — The State General
Norway — Storting
New Zealand — Parliament (House of Representative)
Oman — Monarchy
Pakistan — National Assembly & Senate
Paraguay — Senate & Chamber of Deputies
Philippines — The Congress
Papua New Guinea — National Parliament
Poland — Sezm
Romania — Great National Assembly
Russia — Duma & Federal Council
Serbia — Federal Assembly
Senegal — National Assembly
Seychelles — People's Assembly
Somalia — People's Assembly
South Africa — Rep. House of Assembly
Spain — Cortes
Sweden — Riksdag
Saudi Arabia — Majlis Al Shura
Sudan — National Assembly
Switzerland — Federal Assembly
Syria — People's Council
Turkey — Grand National Assembly
Tunisia — National Assembly
USA — Congress
Vietnam — National Assembly
Venezuela — National Congress
Zaire — National Legislative Council
Zambia — National Assembly
Garib Kalyan Yojana
Under this scheme, the government would run several micro campaigns to ensure that that the welfare needs of the poor population are met and taken care of. It would conduct workshops to meet its agendas.
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is one of the most promising and relevant schemes launched by the Narendra Modi Government. SSY lays special emphasis on financial empowerment of the girl child. Through this scheme, the parents of any girl child below 10 years can open a saving account for their daughters and operate it till they attain an age of 21 years.
After that time, they can withdraw the money and use it for her marriage or higher education. The scheme offers a high rate of return, even much higher than PPF and the depositor gets complete tax exemption for whatever amount invested under 80C of income tax. Ever since the scheme has been launched, lakhs or parents have already got an account opened for their daughters and enjoying the benefits. Read more about this yojana.
So far, the details of PSLV flights and the satellite launched by them are as follows:
PSLV blowing and launching satellite
● PSLV-D1 (launch - September 20, 1993)
Campaign: The attempt of the launch of IRS-1E failed
● PSLV-D2 (launch - October 15, 1994)
Campaign: IRS P-2
● PSLV-D3 (launch - March 21, 1996)
Campaign: IRS P-3
● PSLV-C1 (launch - September 29, 1997)
● PSLV-C2 (launch - May 26, 1999)
Campaign: Germany's DLR Tubesat with IRS-P4 (OceanSat-1) and Kitsat-3 of South Korea
● PSLV-C3 (launch - October 22, 2001)
Campaign: Belgium's Praba and Germany Bird with Technology Test Satellite (TES)
● PSLV-C4 (launch - September 12, 2002)
Campaign: Weather Satellite Launching Matsat in the Geostatic Class, Mattasat was later named as Kalpana-1
● PSLV-C5 (launch - October 17, 2003)
Campaign: IRS-P6 (Resource Sat)
● PSLV-C6 (launch - May 5, 2005)
Campaign: Small Satellite Hatset with Cartosat-1
● PSLV-C7 (launch - January 10, 2007)
Campaign: 3 foreign satellites, CASCOSAT-2, also tested for Space Capsule Recovery Experiment
● PSLV-C8 (launch - April 23, 2007)
Campaign: A small Advanced Avionics module of 'ISRO' with Italy's 'Agile'
● PSLV-C10 (launch - January 21, 2008)
Campaign: Israel's Telescope
● PSLV-C9 (launch - April 28, 2008)
Campaign: Indian Mini Satellite (IMS-1) with CARTOSAT-2A and 8 other foreign Nano satellites
● PSLV-C11 (launch - October 22, 2008)
● PSLV-C12 (launch - April 20, 2009)
Campaign: Recit with 2
● PSLV-C14 (launch - September 23, 2009)
Campaign: 6 foreign nano satellites with OceanSat-2
● PSLV-C15 (launch - July 12, 2010)
Campaign: 4 small satellites with cartosat-2B
● PSLV-C16 (launch - April 20, 2011)
Campaign: Two small satellites with ResourceSat-2, X Set and Youth Sat.
● PSLV-C17 (launch - July 15, 2011)
Campaign: Launch of GSAT-12 in land-based transfer practice class
● PSLV-C18 (launch - October 12, 2011)
Campaign: Three small satellites VesselSat (Luxembourg), Jugnu (IIT Kanpur) and SRM Sat (SRM University) along with Bharat-France joint Megha Tropics
● PSLV-C19 (launch - April 26, 2012)
Campaign: Indigenous Radar Imaging Satellite (Reset-1)
● PSLV-C21 (launch - September 9, 2012)
Campaign: Spot-6 of France and Japan's Micro Satellite Programs (100th Mission of ISRO)
● PSLV-C20 (launch - February 25, 2013)
Campaign: India-France joint 'simple' and 6 other small and subtle foreign satellites
● PSLV-C22 (XL) (Launch - July 1, 2013)
Campaign: Navigational Satellite IRNSS-1A
● PSLV-C25 (XL) (Launch - November 5, 2013)
Campaign: Mars Orbitor Mission for Mars Class
● PSLV-C24 (launch - April 4, 2014)
Campaign: Navigational Satellite IRSNSS-1B
● PSLV-C23 (launch - June 30, 2014)
Campaign: Spot-7 of France and one satellite from Germany, Canada and Singapore
● PSLV-C6 (Launch - October 16, 2014)
Campaign: Navigational Satellite IRNSS-1C
● PSLV-C27 (launch - March 28, 2015)
Campaign: Navigational Satellite IRNSS-1D
● PSLV-C28 (launch - July 10, 2015)
Campaign: Five Satellites of Britain
● PSLV-C30 (launch - September 28, 2015)
Campaign: AstroSAT and 4 US Nano Satellites and a micro Satellite of Indonesia
● PSLV-C29 (launch - December 16, 2015)
Campaign: 6 satellites of Singapore
● PSLV-C31 (launch - January 20, 2016)
● PSLV-C32 (launch - March 10, 2016)
● PSLV-C33 (launch - April 28, 2016)
● PSLV-C34 (launch - June 22, 2016)
Campaign: The launch of total 20 satellites (including 17 foreigners) including cartography-mapping satellite.
● PSLV-C35 (launch - September 26, 2016)
Campaign: Weather Satellite SCATSAT-1 and 7 other satellites launch in two different classes (including five foreign satellites)
● PSLV-C36 (launch - December 7, 2016)
List of All Pradhan Mantri Yojana By Modi in tabular Format
Sn All Central Scheme List By Modi
1 Pradhan Mantri Make in India
2 Jan Aushadhi Yojana
3 MGNREGA Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
4 One Rank One Pension OROP
5 Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
6 Pradhan Mantri Nai Manzil Scheme Yojana
7 Pradhan Mantri LPG Subsidy PAHAL Yojana (DBTL)
8 Modi Sagar Mala Yojana
9 Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bandhan Yojana
10 School Nursery Yojana
11 Smart City Yojana
12 Pradhan Mantri Gold Monetization and Bold Scheme
13 Central Staffing Scheme
14 AMRUT Yojana
15 Padho Pardesh Scheme
16 Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
17 Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)
18 Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
19 Pradhan Mantri Jan Suraksha Yojana
20 Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojana
21 Ganga Gram Yojana Namami Gange
22 Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
23 Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)
24 Antyodaya Anna Yojana
25 Vidyanjali Yojana
26 Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram
27 Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan Yojana
28 Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana
29 Atal Innovation Mission | Atal Tinkering Laboratories | Atal Incubation Centres
30 National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme
31 Pradhan Mantri Gram Parivahan Yojana Scheme
32 Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana
33 Right to Light Scheme Yojana
34 Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY)
35 Stand up India Loan Scheme | Start up India Hub Scheme
36 Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA)
37 Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY)
38 Rashtriya Parivar Sahayata Yojana
39 Free Coaching to Minority Students
40 Ambedkar Hastshilp Vikas Yojana (AHVY)
41 Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)
42 National Health Protection Scheme
43 Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana | Meri Sadak Android App
44 Swachh Bharat Abhiyan | Swachh Pakhwada
45 Rashtriya Parivarik Labh Yojana | National Family Benefit Scheme
46 Vehicle Modernization Scheme
47 Smart Ganga City Scheme
48 Prime Minister Employment Generation Program
49 Teachers Training Scheme
50 Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan
51 Seema Darshan Scheme
52 Zero Defect, Zero Effect scheme
53 Pradhan Mantri Mann Ki Baat
54 Urja Ganga Gas Pipeline Project
55 Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat Scheme
56 Food Safety and Standards Scheme
57 Income Declaration Scheme
58 Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana
59 Green Urban Transport Scheme
60 Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
61 Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana 2016
62 Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana
63 Nai Roshni Yojana
64 Sanjay Gandhi Niradhar Yojana
65 Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan
66 Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
67 Free walking sticks and spectacles scheme
68 Credit Guarantee Scheme
69 Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana
70 Pradhan Mantri Digital Saksharta Abhiyan
71 Uchchatar Avishkar Yojana
72 Vittiya Saksharata Abhiyan
73 Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Loan Yojana
74 Pradhan Mantri Atal pension Yojana
75 Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
76 Central Government Health Scheme
77 Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
78 Vikalp Scheme of Indian Railways
79 Ek Mutthi Anaaj Scheme
80 Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram
81 Udan Yojana
82 Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana
83 Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana
84 Mahila Coir Yojana
85 Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
86 Pradhan Mantri eBasta
87 Pradhan Mantri Vidya Lakshmi Educational Loan Yojana
88 Deen Dayal Upadhyay Swaniyojan Yojana
89 Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana DAY
90 Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY)
91 Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana (PMKSY) Food Processing Scheme
92 Sankalp Se Siddhi Yojana Creating New India Scheme 2017-2022
93 Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY) Interest Free Loan For SHG Women
94 Digital India Mission Portal
95 Hamari Dharohar Scheme Activities And Achievements 2017
96 Seekho aur Kamao Scheme | Learn And Earn Scheme
✔️Son Beel Lake
✔️Dashair and Dhankar Lake
✔️Kareri and Kumarwah lake
✔️ Manimahesh Lake
✔️Blue Bird Lake
👉Jammu and Kashmir
✔️Padinjarechira, Thrissur city
✔️Vadakkechira, Thrissur city
✔️Sarang pani lake
✔️Salim Ali Lake
✔️Ana Sagar Lake
✔️Jaisamand LakeJal Mahal,
✔️Man Sagar lake
✔️Sambhar Salt Lake
✔️Fateh Sagar Lake
✔️Uday sagar Lake
✔️Alwal Cheruvu Lake
✔️Durgam Cheruvu (Secret Lake)
✔️Red Hills Lake
✔️Barua Sagar Tal
✔️Chando Tal Lake
✔️Ramgarh Tal Lake
✔️Skeleton Lake (Roopkund Lake)
✔️East Calcutta Wetlands
✔️Largest fresh water lakes in Asia & India – Wular Lake, kashmir
✔️Largest artificial lake in Asia – Upper lake, Madhya Pradesh
✔️Largest saline water lake in india – chika lake, orissa
✔️Longest lake in India – Vembanad,kerala
✔️Highest Lake in india – Cholamu Lake,Sikkim