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Current Affairs

Rs. 5,000 EC for possessing banned plastic in Delhi: NGT

  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) today imposed an interim ban on use of non-biodegradable plastic bags which are less than 50 microns in the entire national Capital.
  • A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar also announced an environment compensation of Rs. 5,000 on anyone found in possession of such banned plastic.
  • The tribunal has also directed the Delhi government to seize the entire stock of plastic within one week from today.
  • The green panel had last year banned the use of disposable plastic in Delhi and NCR with effect from January 1, 2017 and directed the city government to take steps to reduce dumped waste.
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World’s second oldest rock is from Odisha

World’s second oldest rock is from Odisha
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A rock sample found eight years ago in Champua, in Kendujhar district of Odisha has been declared the world’s second oldest rock.
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World’s second oldest rock is from Odisha:

i. Scientists have found a grain of magmatic zircon (a mineral that contains traces of radioactive isotopes) in the rock. Through which it has been estimated to be 4,240 million years old.

ii. The discovery was made by researchers from University of Calcutta and Curtin University, Malaysia, and Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing.

iii. The findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports. Presence of zircon older than this was found only in Jack Hill, Western Australia, which is 4,400 million years old, making it the oldest known rock sample.

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Highlights of the Union Budget for 2018-19 (Apr-Mar), presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in Parliament

MACROECONOMY MATTERS

* Govt has implemented fundamental structural reforms

* India stands out as the fastest growing economy in world

* Promised to reduce poverty, build strong India

* Direct transfer mechanism is a global success story

* Will focus on health, infrastructure, senior citizens

* Focus on 'ease of living' for common man

* To move ahead on ease-of-doing business

* This Budget to consolidate gains of last 4 years' budgets

* Demonetisation has reduced cash in circulation

* Recapitalised banks have better capacity to support growth

* Indirect tax system made simpler with GST

* FDI increased due to govt actions

* Manufacturing sector back on growth path

* There's a premium on honesty because of govt's reforms

* Firmly on course to achieve 8% plus growth

* India to become fifth largest economy very soon

* India a $2.5-trln economy now

* Achieved average 7.5% growth in first 3 years of govt

 

AGRICULTURE

* FY19 Budget aims to strengthen agri, rural economy

* Seek paradigm shift to double farmers' income by 2022

* Govt committed to welfare of farmers

* Govt to create mechanism for post harvest facilities

* MSP hikes not enough, farmers must be able to get benefits

* Next kharif crop MSP to be at least 1.5 times of cost

* Emphasis on generating gainful farm, non-farm jobs

* Focus on low-cost farming, higher selling price

* Institutional system for farm goods price, demand forecast

* NITI Aayog to make robust system for fair price to farmers

* Export of farm commodities to be liberalised

* Agri export potential $100 bln

* To launch Operation Green in line with Operation Flood

* Allocate 5 bln rupees for Operation Green

* Allocation for food processing sector 14 bln rupees FY19

* Allocate 2 bln rupees for medicinal, aromatic crops

* To encourage women self-help groups for organic farming

* Cluster-based models to be developed for horticulture crops

* e-NAM to be exempt from APMC regulations

* To develop, upgrade 22,000 rural haats to agricultural mkts

* To allocate 20 bln rupees for farm development fund

* Favourable tax treatment for farm mfg organisations

* Agri credit target at 11 trln rupees for FY19

* Kisan credit card benefit also to animal husbandry, fishing

* To launch bamboo mission for 12.9 bln rupees

* 470 APMCs connected to e-NAM, rest to be connected by Mar

* To set up 42 mega food parks for farm exports

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NCRB merged with bureau of police research

 

 

Image result for NCRB merged with BPR&D

  • National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB) - the principal source of reference by policy makers, police, criminologists, researchers and media - both in India and abroad, with the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D).
  • BPR&D has been given charge of NCRB so that there is more research based and methodological data collection in future as data collection by NCRB as of now was that of taken from states and sometimes inaccurate.
  • BPR&D, which conducts its own researches and commissions many to private institutes/bodies to study the crime patterns, policing and other related aspects. 
  • NCRB's core function is to collect data on crimes related to IPC and other sections, courts, convictions etc... and then analysed.
  • On the other hand, BPRD's research is not related to crime.
  • It focusses more on research and data collection on how police, central paramilitary forces work, manpower problems, pattern of registration of crime, or influences of police on society etc.
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Holistic Learning is the need of hour in our Present Education System

In a unique initiative to give a boost to the learning of science, technology and mathematics among the youth-especially the school students, Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan (VVM) - a nationwide science talent search examination held this November. This programme has been organized by eminent scientists and academicians associated with Vigyan Prasar (VP) - an autonomous organisation under Department of Science and Technology and National Council of Education Research and Training (NCERT) of Ministry of Human Resources and Development and Vijnana Bharati.

A Mobile app called the VVM App was launched at a function in the national capital today by Shri Alphons Joseph Kannanthanam, Union Minister of State for Electronics and Information Technology and Tourism..After the App release, nearly 125 students appeared in the mock test during the function as a demonstration of the online examination in the presence of Honourable Union Minister. 

One of the unique features of this examination is that the test was conducted online. Students were attended the exam through the various digital devices like, mobile, tablet, laptop or desktop in line with the vision of Digital India Campaign.

Vijnana Bharati (VIBHA) is one of the largest science movement in the country led by eminent scientists and to inculcate and generate scientific temper, foster excellence in students and nurture and mentor them for their careers in pure sciences. Through VVM programme, India’s next generation will be made aware about the India’s Rich Contribution to Science from ancient period to modern times. Registered students will undergo multilevel testing. Successful students will get a chance to undertake study tours and interactions with renowned scientists of our country as well as abroad. The details regarding VVM can be accessed on www.vvm.org.in. 

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