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Panel to draft data protection Bill

  • Member of Parliament Baijayant “Jay” Panda tabled the Data (Privacy and Protection) Bill, 2017 in the Lok Sabha recently, proposing the right to privacy as a fundamental right for Indian citizens Previously the Supreme Court interpreted that Article 21 does not contain the right to privacy.
  • Keeping in light the need to secure private citizens’ data, Panda’s private member bill is a welcome step but one that will have to stand legal scrutiny
  • The bill follows a rights-based approach and mandates the consent of an individual for collection and processing of personal data
  • The bill accommodates the production of an end client confronting position of information assurance officer for grievance redressal, with an arrangement for offer to the Data Privacy and Protection Authority (DPPA)

UIDAI’s Stand

  • UIDAI, the nodal agency for the implementation of Aadhaar, said privacy is not a fundamental right; privacy is subjective and dependent on human behaviour.
  • Any attempt by the court to probe it in the status of a fundamental right would damage the nation and stymie the government’s efforts for good governance

UIDAI

  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is an agency of the Government of India responsible for implementing the Aadhaar Identities.
  • The agency was established in January-2009, and owns and operates the Unique Identities database.
  • The Unique Identification Authority of India had been established under the Planning Commission by an executive order.
  • The agency provides a unique identification number to all persons resident in India on voluntary basis.
  • The agency maintains a database of residents containing biometric and other data, and is headed by a chairman, who holds a cabinet rank.
  • UIDAI is the Registrar of Identities i.e. it registers, assigns and verifies the unique identities.
  • It is supposed to register two types of unique identities:
  • Residents of India (called Aadhaar) Corporate entities (Corporate-UID) for company, bank, NGO, trust, political party etc.:
  • Corporate-UID has been provisioned within 12-digit UID number system. Corporate-UID is supposed to produce the similar effect as Aadhaar for corporate entities i.e. identification and traceability of transactions.
  • It is supposed to bring transparency on financial transactions, donations; and to prevent corruption, money laundering, benami transactions (i.e. under a fictitious name), allocation of natural resources like land, spectrum, mining of sand, iron-ore, coal-blocks, etc
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maternity benefit act

The Lok Sabha has passed the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2016. The Bill had already been passed by the Rajya Sabha during the Winter Session.

There are some amendments in maternity benefit act,1961:

Maternity leave available to the working women to be increased from 12 weeks to 26 weeks for the first two children.

Maternity leave for children beyond the first two will continue to be 12 weeks.

The employer may permit a woman to work from home if it is possible to do so.

Every establishment will be required to make these benefits available to the women from the time of her appointment.

 

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Tejaswini project

Tejaswini project launched in Jharkand,India for socio economic welfare of the adolescent girls and young women age between 14 to 24 to complete their higher secondary education and aquire relevant skills about job market

This is the first World Bank project in India that is solely focused on the welfare of adolescent girls and young women

 

It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components ar

Read more at: http://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/
It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components ar

Read more at: http://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/
It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components ar

Read more at: http://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/
It seeks to empower adolescent girls with basic life skills to acquire market driven skill training or completion of secondary education, depending on the inclination of the beneficiary. Its three main components ar

Read more at: http://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/
Current Affairs Today - Current Affairs 2017 हिंदी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्नोत्तरी 2017 के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें. Enter Your Email Address To Subscribe Current Affairs Daily Digest, Daily Quiz and other updates on Current Affairs: Email Address Three Forest Research Institutes develop High-Yielding Varieties of Plant Species

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Cabinet approves draft bill on surrogacy

The Union Cabinet today approved a draft bill on surrogacy. Highly placed sources said the draft Bill is aimed at safeguarding the rights of surrogate mothers. It will also regulate commissioning surrogacy in the country.

The government had recently admitted that in the absence of a statutory mechanism to control commissioning of surrogacy, there have been cases of pregnancies by way of surrogacy, including in rural and tribal areas, leading to possible exploitation of women by unscrupulous elements.

To prevent exploitation of women, especially those in rural and tribal areas, the government has prohibited foreigners from commissioning surrogacy in the country and has drafted this comprehensive legislation.

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Why the GST reform is transformational?

Why the GST reform is transformational?

And finally it happened, India’s disagreeing political class were able to sideline their vote-seeking differences on an issue unrelated to politics- an economic reform. Nearly ten years after the first step towards a national common market by creating a Goods and Services Tax, the Parliament has passed it.

The move is simply transformational – tax boundaries will not divide India from within. There is no meaning in saying that you are moving a good from Tamil Nadu to Maharashtra or from Haryana to West Bengal. There will be only one tax identity – a pan Indian identity and rate structure; that is the GST.

Till now, for the last seven decades, barricades and tax points were set at state boundaries to collect harassing state entry taxes – a situation you can see only when you move from one country to another. With GST, the taxes like CST and Octroi that divided our big economy into different pieces are no more. States need not deploy their tax officials and semi-security persons across state borders to check smuggling and the like. India is emerging like a common market for the first time in history.

There are other positives from GST, like better tax revenue with little pain to the economy. The GST’s identity is that it belongs to the family of Value Added Taxation. So far the countries who embraced GST recognize that as a tax method, the GST is the best as it least disturbs (‘distort’ is the technical term) economic activities at the same time giving tax revenue. There is good tax compliance as well (means less evasion).

Now for the first time, state sales taxes (state VAT) and the central excise duties (CENVAT) are tied in a single knot. One knows each other. A state while imposing ten per cent tax on a Rs 10 commodity should knew that out of this, only 8 Rs is the value added of the commodity and the remaining Rs 2 has occurred due to excise duties paid to the Centre. Hence the state’s sales tax will be only on the Rs 8 and not on Rs 10. This means that the tax on tax (or cost cascading effect of a tax) is eliminated with GST.

The reform steps are just started and there remains issues like deciding the tax rate that need consensus among the states and between states and the centre. But we can hope that the present positive momentum can continue to finish the remaining work for GST.

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